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tv   Journal  PBS  January 23, 2013 6:30pm-7:00pm PST

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>> it warm welcome to the "journal" from berlin. >> here's what's coming up in the next half-hour -- the british prime minister since a shock wave through the eu, promising a referendum on britain's membership. >> time to cobble together a coalition after the israeli prime minister just scrapes through with an election victory. >> did germany's education
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minister plagiarize her phd? her university launches an investigation. talk about putting a cap amongst the pigeons a day after german and french leaders pledged to deepen e u's economic and monetary union. the british prime minister has signaled his country could want out. >> in a very -- delayed speech, david cameron said he wants to renegotiate the terms of britain's membership and the referendum, but not until the end of 2017. >> that has rattled london's biggest allies and some investors. more uncertainty and possible of people are not what they have been wishing for. >> kamen said he'd campaigned for es you vote, saying he had won the decisions he had -- the
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concessions he had campaigned on. >> the move had long been anticipated at home and across the european union. david cameron laid out his vision of britain's future. it is one that involves major changes and giving the british public a say in what happens. >> when that referendum comes, let me say now that if we can negotiate such an arrangement, i will campaign for it with all my heart and all my soul because i believe something very deeply -- that britain's national interest is best served in a flexible, adaptable, and open european union. >> camera position is focused on more effective -- cameron's vision is focused on more effective and market position. >> the terrible thing is the glaring contradiction the speech is based on. he says he wants more trade with in the single markets, but he
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also wants fewer regulations. but 80% of the u.'s regulations are connected with the single market. it shows he does not understand the facts. >> we do not want just a trading bloc. we need a common political vision. >> everything must be decided in brussels and by brussels -- not all and everything must be decided in brussels and by brussels. we do indeed differentiate, the cherry picking is not an option. >> david cameron has dared to tie his political future to the eu in a way none of his predecessors have done. now he must convince british voters and his european partners that it was a wise idea. >> we talked about this to our european affairs correspondent, asking her if the u.s. and british prime minister will be able to find enough common ground for britain to stay in the block.
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>> first of all, britain is not the only country that wants a debate on how much power the eu should get and how much should be done nationally by the eu states. that debate has long been under way. some countries even want a treaty change, but britain's negotiating position has not exactly improved. many are angry and frustrated because david cameron did not really say what he wanted and, of course, renegotiations of terms for britain to stay in the e you can only start after british elections, so david cameron risks putting the eu in a state of paralysis, and that is not welcomed here in brussels. >> we also asked what the implications would be if britain were to leave if. >> the e you would lose a member state. that has always been at the forefront of improving the single market, improving international ties. many countries have said that they have a big interest in keeping britain in the eu, and
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they are trying to do everything they possibly can, but of course, the mood is changing slightly. there's an increasing number of people here in brussels who say if you want to leave them leave, but let them continue their work. many say that the british behavior at your negotiations in brussels is increasingly selfish, only in the interests of britain and not europe, and that they will no longer be blackmailed by the british government. >> we will have a look at what britt's think about this referendum later in the show. now to israeli politics, which are famous for being bolick tile. yesterday's elections certainly underlined that. p>> they were expected to triggr a lurch to the right, but the biggest gains went to a new centrist party, led by a former tv presenter. his party came second. >> the prime minister suffered the biggest losses. his right wing alliance lost
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almost a quarter of its seats, although it still the biggest grouping. >> netanyahu looks likely to remain prime minister, but he may have to tone down his hard- line position to build a coalition. >> the day after the election, israelis were trying to make sense of the new political landscape. many wonder if israel faces a deadlock after benjamin netanyahu lost so much ground to the left wing. while the israeli leader remains the country's political strongman, he knows he will have to engage. on wednesday, he gave his interpretation of the results. >> the public and israel wants me to continue to lead the country. it wants me to form a government that will lead three major changes -- a more equal sharing of the burden, affordable housing, and changes in the system of government. ben netanyahu now needs to work with the surprise winner of the
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election. the former tv journalist only founded his secular party last year. it is now the second strongest . he wants his country to change course. >> israelis have said no to a policy of fear and hatred. they have said no to the division of israeli society into sections, tribes, or groups/interest. >> a total 12 parties have one seat in parliament -- have won seats in parliament, so there are alliance is possible. it may be some time before the formation of the next israeli parliament can be announced. >> polls have closed in neighboring jordan in the first election since the dawn of the arab spring. alabama officials are reporting a turnout of almost 57%. -- >> officials are reporting a
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turnout of almost 57%. some have questioned the sincerity of moves to improve democracy, and there are widespread allegations of vote- buying. >> here's a closer look at how jordanians views evoke -- view the vote. >> the elections are meant to give jordan more democratic legitimacy, but few expect any real change to come. real power rests with the king who appoints the prime minister. many jordanians want that to end, but they are hoping reform will come from the king himself. not even the muslim brotherhood wants him to be overthrown. >> we will not accept the king's downfall. those calling for that have not been able to get 2000 people to attend their demonstrations over the past two months. >> in other countries, they have
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overthrown the regime. they were no better off afterwards. >> the king provides stability for the government. curtailing the king's power would damage the country. >> jordan is already feeling the bite of the uprisings in the arab world, which have taken their toll on the country's tourism industry. the economy has come to a standstill. unemployment is high. life is tougher than ever for the poor. this teacher has a big family to support. two wives, seven children. he has been hard hit by hikes in fuel prices this winter. >> the government needs to take care of the middle class. across the world, it is the middle-class sees that support the government. as long as they are not impoverished.
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then he says that if the political system stays the same, nothing will change. he is part of an opposition movement which boycotted the elections. as far as he is concerned, the king can stay in office, but only as a figurehead. >> the movement is calling for a change in the regime, and if that does not happen, then the next step would be the overthrow of the regime. that means the king. >> jordan is looking for a smooth transition to more democracy without a civil war like syria or an islamist government as in egypt. what happens all depends on how willing the king is to bring about change. >> tensions are running high in some parts of turkey as nato gears up to get its missile defense system up and running this weekend. turkey has requested help because of concerns that the
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syrian civil war could spill over to its borders. the missiles have been sent by the united states, germany, and the netherlands, but not everyone approves of the move. on tuesday, a proud of -- a crowd of protesters. >> demonstrations against the patriot missile deployment have been taking place for days. the confrontation and threats against german soldiers reportedly arose from a protest like this one on monday. the five germans strolling through town in civilian clothing may have been mistaken for americans. turkish security forces managed to bring the germans to safety. the german government has called it a serious incident. >> this is unacceptable. against the backdrop of this incident, it will be necessary to speak closely with the turkish authorities about the threat posed to german soldiers. we expect our host country,
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turkey, to inspect the security of our soldiers when they move around in the cities. >> the german missile batteries are on their way to the southeast of the country. turkey requested the patriots from nato to defend itself against possible spillover from the ongoing conflict in syria. >> in another story, russian president vladimir putin has offered aid to lebanon as the country struggles to deal with an influx of refugees from neighboring syria. >> in a meeting with the lebanese president, putin said russia had offered financial and humanitarian aid to help deal with the crisis. the head of the african union has called on germany to increase its contribution to the french-led military mission in mali. >> so far, germany's involvement
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has been limited to providing air transport for african forces heading into mali. merkel has also not promise to provide equipment for those troops. >> a warm welcome for the president of the military honors were cancelled due to the biting cold. then it was ripe for talks with the chancellor. both were concerned about the situation in mali. >> germany is engaged in the logistics of moving troops, but it is also about equipment and training mali's military. the president has expressed the urgency of this in terms of speed, and we have reassured him we will act swiftly on this. mali is also receiving military aid from other west african countries. currently, the number some 3300 soldiers.
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>> the chancellor has promised to assess the framework for germany to expand its current engagement, and she has assured me that germany will take part in the donor conference at the end of january. >> both the german chancellor and bidding president said they welcome them. >> the first panel of speakers at the economic forum in davos, switzerland has expressed optimism that the worst of the global economic crisis is over. >> some analysts warn the crisis will continue until better regulation is in place. the annual meeting is a forum for ideas on how to encourage economic growth and stability. some 50 heads of state and government are attending as well as some of the world's most powerful leaders in business and in finance. m still to come, more from
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london -- >> still to come, more from london, what they think about david cameron's announcement. >> we will also go to the world of tennis. one of the migrates in the world of tennis has fallen, and it is in your home country. just ahead. we will have more after the break.
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>> welcome back. we've become accustomed in recent years to the european union expanding, but could it be set to now lose one of its members? as we've mentioned before the break, i of david cameron has his way, britain could soon vote on weather to leave the block. >> waited this backlash come from? britain was one of the proponents of european integration. >> a famous britton once said he
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wanted to create the united states of europe. that was winston churchill. but some of his conservative successors see that as a nightmare, and many here are glad they may soon have a chance to vote on their place in the european union. at lunch in east london, the euro cafe is serving up british toast and italian coffee, and the patrons are discussing the european question. >> we should be allowed a say at some point. >> we are definitely part of europe, and i think we will be too small outside of europe. >> but not all londoners are as pro-eu as those in the euro cafe. >> we definitely need to renegotiate our position. it certainly detracts from what we could contribute to our own economy, which is sorely needed.
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>> i know we can still means -- retain a relationship with our members without necessarily the party. m a cameron's position is one of a strong britain in a more relaxed european alliance, and he says that is something he will fight for. >> david heyman is making his own position very difficult. britain's fate will hinge on its european partners. -- david cameron is making his own position very difficult. if they do not agree, britain is headed toward the exit door, and this is something the prime minister does not want at all. >> cameron's speech has been troubled for months, and battle lines are already being drawn ahead of that referendum. >> the business community looks set to be a strong voice for saying in the eu. tycoon richard branson and other business leaders warned of damaging uncertainty. >> smaller businesses are also worried, but they certainly do have complaints over eu
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regulation. we paid a visit to two firms. >> once, this factory was full of the sound, he, and grime of trade production. this was the heartland of british industry. now it is some to modern, midsize industries. >> we do not just see britain as our home market. we see europe as our home market. we sell outside europe, of course, but it is on our doorstep. it is the easiest markets to get to, and at the end of the day, people want to do business with britain as well, which is important. >> there's frustration about regulations handed down from brussels that directly affect the 20 unskilled workers. under eu law, the work week is limited to a maximum of 48 hours.
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>> workers' rights need to be protected, but it seems we have gone a little bit too far in some cases, and what we've done is restricted our competitiveness in the market. at the end of the day, if you look towards asia and china, they have not got such strict laws. >> it is a complaint voiced by many employers in britain. but the logistics company does acknowledge that the advantages of eu membership far outweigh the disadvantages. it used to treat hard to find warehouse workers, for instance. now, polish immigrants happily fill those vacancies. they say they want politicians to make the you an easier place to do business. >> it is very important that europe sees itself as competing against the rest of the world rather than competing against each other. we should not be in a battle between what the uk is doing against what ireland is doing or against what italy is doing.
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all we are doing -- all we're interested in is how you're up competes against the rest of the world. >> when it comes to the bottom line, the eu is a mainstay for a great many businesses across britain. for them, leaving the single market would be a nightmare scenario. am i getting down to some core corporate news now, anderman gineing giantiemens has reported a 12% drop in profits. it also said the number of orders that had received fell during the same time. >> the manufacturing has been focusing on - headlines in recent months, including delays in the delivery of its new high- speed trains, but the group says it is sticking by its sales and profitability forecast for the current year, thanks to savings as part of a massive restructuring program. let's get a look now at how the markets have reacted to all of that news. our correspondence sent -- sends us this report -- our correspondent sends us this report from frankfurt.
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>> the forecast was very weak. traders in frankfurt said the problems remain big, but shares recovered at the end. by contrast, s.a.p. was the biggest support for the deaths. shares have been outperforming. the general market was again stock -- stuck, but at least the german market moved a little step forward. >> let's get a closer look at market numbers for you. the dax not doing a whole lot on the day, settling at 7707. euro stoxx 50 on the other hand was lower. the dow jones industrial average is trending positive. euro/dollar, however, is lower trading for $1.3309. >> to look like it would start
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edging up towards that 8000 mark, but may be this next aureus the reason. international monetary fund is out with its latest prediction for global economic growth, and the picture is not as rosy as some are hoping. >> at the forecast the global economy to grow slightly more than expected. let's get a closer look at some of the challenges. >> the imf says japan's mounting debt pile is cause for concern. not only sovereign debt but consumer debt, too. debt is also dragging down the u.s. economy, cooling down growth there as well. the imf also sing about the risk of stagnation within the eurozone. companies like this machinery firm in germany depend on foreign markets to sell their products, and they are feeling the squeeze as customers abroad have less money to spend on european goods. according to the imf, the euro crisis and the global debt crisis are the greatest threats to global economic growth.
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the imf has trimmed its growth outlook for 2013 to 3.5%. it predicts a rebound to 4.1% in 2014. growth forecasts for developed nations have dropped to 1.4% for 2013, and growth is expected to hover near 2.2% for 2013. india and china remain the motors of the globa economy, the imf has also downgraded their growth levels for this year. >> i just a moment, did germany's education minister plagiarize her phd? >> first, the stories. suicide bombing at a shiite mosque in northern iraq has claimed the les of at least2 peop. dozens more were wounded. it is the latest in a spate of sectarian bombings and follows mass protests against iran's government. >> the u.s. secretary of state has testified before a senate
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committee about the deadly attack on the american consulate in benghazi, libya, last summer. an inquiry last month slammed her government for security flaws at the compound. clinton said the attk was a sign of rising militancy following the arabs bring revolution. >> the commander of u.s. and nato fces in afghanistan has been cleared of l charges related to what bame known as the e-mail aair. the general was under investigation over allegations over improper e-mail correspondence with a woman linked to a sex scandal. in germany, the embattled education minister says she will go all the way to prove she did not cheat her way to a ph.d.. that iafter dusseldorf university announced a probe into eight pieces she wrote more than 30 is a good. she's not the first senr politician to get into hot water over aegations of plagiarism. >> the german education minister
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was putting on a brave face at wednesday's cabinet meeting. she could lose her ph.d. title if a dusseldorf university committee rules against her. she denies any wrongdoing. she faces potentially many more months of public scrutiny. >> over the coming weeks, the members of the examination board will come together to assess the documents of the ph.d. committee. they will also assess the response of those involved in the proceedings. >> individual and conscience is the title of the doctoral thesis submitted three decades ago. when accusations emerged last year that parts of the document were directly copied from textbooks, they triggered a rmal investigation by duesseldorf faculty. the case sparked memories of the former defense minister who resigned after plagiarism charges against him pved tru
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at the time, she described his conduct as shameful. now she has vowed to fight the allegations against her all the way. she says she will remain in office and run as a parliamentary candidate in september's general elections. >> wednesday was a day to remember for a young american player. remember the name because this 19-year-old took on her idol and won by two sets to one in the heat of melbourne. she now faces the no. 1 seed in the semis. >> on the inside, 83-set demolition of france. it sets up a hard-winning semi against roger federer. >> thanks for joining us. we will see you again soon. captioned by the national captioning institute
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